Backend Development

Choosing Your Code Path: What Programming Language Should I Learn?

Programming is a diverse field where essentially anyone can find a path to fit their interests. But one of the biggest concerns for new developers is choosing the "right" programming language. This is a valid concern because the choice of language can significantly impact your future career and the success of your projects.

What programming languae should i learn

We get it - with so many languages to choose from, it's easy to feel overwhelmed and unsure of where to begin. But don't worry; we're here to help. 

In this article, we'll provide expert advice on how to streamline the learning process and choose the best programming language for your needs. Whether you're a complete beginner or looking to expand your skill set, we'll guide you through the decision-making process and provide you with a comprehensive overview of the top programming languages to learn in 2023. 

So, let's get started and answer the age-old question: what programming language should I learn?

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Programming Language

When it comes to choosing a programming language, there are some factors that can help you determine which language best suits your needs and goals. 

Here are the most important factors to keep in mind:

  1. Your Interest: 

Different programming languages are designed for different purposes. Some people who are just starting out may be interested in creating mobile apps, others may want to acquire the skills to create websites. First, you must be clear about what you want to do. 

For example: If you want to build a website, consider learning HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. On the other hand, if you want to build a mobile app, learn Java, Swift, or Kotlin. Python is great for data analysis and backend development. 

  1. Market Demand for the Language: 

The next factor to consider is the demand for the language in the job market. Learning a language in high demand can increase your chances of landing a job in the future. 

According to the TIOBE Index, the most popular programming languages in 2023 were Python, Java, and C. By learning one of these languages, you may have better job prospects.

  1. Difficulty Level: 

Some programming languages are easier to learn than others. If you're new to programming, start with a language that is beginner-friendly. Python is often recommended as a good language for beginners due to its simple syntax and readability. On the other hand, languages like C++ and Assembly may be more challenging to learn.

  1. Community Support and Resources: 

When you're learning a programming language, it's important to have access to resources and support. This can include online communities, documentation, tutorials, and forums. By choosing a language with a strong community, you can get the help you need when you get stuck. 

  1. Future Growth and Potential: 

Finally, you should consider the future growth and potential of a programming language. Some languages may be more likely to become obsolete in the future, while others may continue to be in high demand. By choosing a language with future growth potential, you can ensure that your skills remain relevant in the long term. 

For example, Kotlin is a relatively new language that is rapidly gaining popularity, particularly for Android development.

By considering these factors, you can choose a well-suited programming language for your needs and goals. Keep in mind that there is no "one-size-fits-all" answer - the best language for you will depend on your individual circumstances and preferences.

Top Programming Languages to Learn for Beginners

When we talk about beginner-friendly programming languages, we have a lot of choices to make. 

1. Scratch

Scratch is a visual programming language designed specifically for beginners, especially children who want to understand the basic coding concept. 

Here are some reasons why Scratch is a good programming language to learn for beginners:

  • Extremely Simple: Scratch's visual interface allows beginners to drag and drop blocks of code to create animations, games, and interactive stories without needing to learn complex syntax.
  • Interactive and engaging: Scratch allows beginners to create fun and interactive projects that keep them motivated and interested in learning programming.
  • Builds fundamental programming concepts: Scratch is designed to teach fundamental programming concepts like loops, conditionals, and variables in a fun and interactive way.
Best suited for kids and young adults who are exploring the world of computers
✖️Not relevant for building real-world projects

2. Python

According to Statista, in 2022, recruiters demonstrated a significant demand for Python, ranking it as the third most sought-after language. 

Python is considered one of the top programming languages for beginners due to several reasons:

  • Simple and Easy to Learn: Python has a clean and readable syntax, making it easy for beginners to understand and learn. It doesn't require a lot of complex coding, and one can quickly start coding even without prior experience.
  • Versatility: Python can be used for a wide range of applications such as web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, machine learning, game development, and more. Its versatility makes it an attractive language to learn for beginners.
  • Large Community and Support: Python has a vast and active community of developers and users worldwide. This means beginners can quickly get help, support, and guidance on various online forums, communities, and even through official documentation.
  • Plenty of Learning Resources: Plenty of free online resources such as tutorials, videos, and books are available for beginners to learn Python. This makes it easier for beginners to get started with the language without spending a lot of money on courses or training.

Python is a great language for beginners due to its simplicity, versatility, large community, and abundance of learning resources.

Adults who want to learn coding to diversify their skill set
✖️Although Python is beginner-friendly, it takes longer than usual to master it

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is a great programming language for beginners because of its wide-ranging applications and popularity. 

According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021, JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language among developers for eight years in a row. In addition, it is the most popular language for front-end web development, with 70.6% of developers using it for this purpose.

Learning JavaScript also provides a strong foundation for other programming languages, such as Python and Java. 

  1. Ease of use: JavaScript is easy to learn and understand, especially for those who are already familiar with HTML and CSS. It has a simple syntax and a wide range of online resources and tutorials to help beginners get started.
  1. Versatility: JavaScript can be used for a wide range of tasks in web development, including creating interactive web pages, animations, and web applications. It can also be used for server-side programming with the help of Node.js.
  1. In-demand skill: JavaScript is one of the most in-demand programming languages in the industry. Learning JavaScript can increase your chances of getting hired as a web developer or front-end developer.
  1. JavaScript is constantly evolving: As one of the most popular programming languages in the world, JavaScript is constantly evolving with new updates, libraries, and frameworks. This means that there is always something new to learn and explore, making it an exciting language for beginners to work with.
  1. Opportunities for freelancing: JavaScript skills can be used to build a wide range of web applications, including e-commerce sites, blogs, and online portfolios. This opens up opportunities for beginners to work as freelancers and earn money from their coding skills.
  1. Integration with other technologies: JavaScript can be used in conjunction with other technologies like APIs, databases, and CSS preprocessors. This provides beginners with the opportunity to work with a variety of tools and technologies, giving them a well-rounded set of skills.
Best for people who want to build strong programming foundation
✖️Many nuances and quirks that are difficult for beginners to fully comprehend


HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the most important technologies used in web development. They are called scripting languages. HTML provides the structure and content of web pages, while CSS is used to style and layout the content.

Here are a few reasons why beginners might consider learning HTML and CSS:

  1. Beginner-friendly: HTML and CSS have a simple syntax and are relatively easy to learn compared to other programming languages. They are also supported by a wide range of resources and tutorials online, making it easy for beginners to get started.
  2. Foundational skills for web development: HTML and CSS are foundational skills for web development. Learning these technologies can give beginners a solid foundation for learning more advanced web development technologies like JavaScript and server-side programming.
  3. Immediate results: With HTML and CSS, beginners can see the results of their coding efforts immediately. This can motivate and provide a sense of accomplishment, even for those just starting out.
  4. Flexibility and creativity: HTML and CSS provide a lot of flexibility and room for creativity in web development. Beginners can create a wide range of websites and web applications with different styles and layouts using these technologies.

Programming Domains

In case you’re confused about how to get started, we’ve categorized each category of programming (programming fields) with their respective languages, description, and difficulty level.

Comparison of different programming languages

End Note

Programming languages are constantly evolving and new ones are emerging to meet the demands of modern software development. Rust, TypeScript, and Swift are some of the emerging languages that have the potential to shape the future of programming.

Staying up-to-date with new languages and technologies is important for software developers to remain relevant in the industry. As new languages emerge, it is important for developers to learn and master them to stay ahead of the competition. Moreover, learning new languages and technologies can improve a developer's problem-solving skills and make them more versatile in their work. Therefore, keeping up-to-date with emerging languages and technologies is crucial for the future success of software developers.